Name the state in India in which almost every citizen can read and write - AryansWorld Gyaan


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Tuesday, December 8, 2020

Name the state in India in which almost every citizen can read and write

Latest Literacy Rate in India(2018)



Literacy Rate in Percentage



96.2 %








Himachal Pradesh

86.6 %




Source: Wikipedia

Kerala is the state in which almost every people can read and write, Kerala was the first state in India to declare total literacy in one town in 1989, and subsequently, total literacy in the whole region in 1990. India's National Literacy Mission declared total literacy in the whole state of Kerala on April 18, 1991.

Kerala topped the Education Development Index (EDI) among 21 major states in India in the year 2006–2007. More than 94% of the rural population has access to a primary school within 1  km, while 98% of the population benefits one school within a distance of 2  km. An upper primary school within a distance of 3  km is available for more than 96% of the people, whose 98% benefit the facility for secondary education within 8  km. The access for rural students to higher educational institutions in cities is facilitated by widely subsidized transport fares. Kerala's educational system has been developed by institutions owned or aided by the government. In the educational system prevailed in the state, schooling is for 10 years which is subdivided into lower primary, upper primary and high school. After 10 years of secondary schooling, students typically enrol in Higher Secondary Schooling in one of the three major streams- liberal arts, commerce or science. Upon completing the required coursework, students can enrol in general or professional undergraduate programs.

In India average literacy rate to be 74.4% in 2011 while National Statistical Commission surveyed literacy to be 77.7% in 2017-18. The literacy rate in urban areas was higher 87.7% than in rural areas with 73.5%. There is a wide gender disparity in the literacy rate in India and effective literacy rates (age 7 and above) was 84.7% for men and 70.3% for women. The low female literacy rate has a dramatically negative impact on family planning and population stabillisation efforts in India. Studies have indicated that female literacy is a strong predictor of the use of contraception among married Indian couples, even when women do not otherwise have economic independence. The census provided a positive indication that growth in female literacy rates (11.8%) was substantially faster than in male literacy rates (6.9%) in the 2001–2011 decadal period, which means the gender gap appears to be narrowing.


Literacy rate

Also called the "effective literacy rate"; the total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding. Here the denominator is the population aged seven years or more.

Effective literacy rate = number of literate persons aged 7 and above ÷ population aged 7 and above ⨯ 100

Crude literacy rate

The total percentage of the people of an area at a particular time who can read and write with understanding, taking the total population of the area (including below seven years of age) as the denominator.

Crude literacy rate = number of literate persons ÷ total population ⨯ 100

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